How to record at home is a question which has been asked quite frequently from almost all of the up and coming rappers I’ve ever known. Since recording in a studio is pretty expensive, recording at home is the cheapest alternative for the person on a budget. This article is for this person. It will show you the 6 things you need, if you want to record music at home.

An Overview of Recording Music at Home

1. Workplace
Now usually the recording workplace consists of a recording lab and a booth. The recording lab is where the computer, the mixers and any other additional hardware is present. Simply said, it’s the place where the engineer stays. The recording booth is the place, where you record your vocals.

recording booth

The way to do this at home is pretty straight forward really. The recording booth can be made out of a closet or any small room you have. Don’t try it in the bathroom, because the tiles create echo and it damages the recording. If you can’t use the small room for any reason, you can do it in a normal room too.
This is trickier though, because you have to place the microphone in a way, which limits it to only capturing your voice. The best place to place your microphone is between two isolated walls. This way, the voice becomes less spacious and it’s quality comes close to that of a studio recording booth.

2. Insulation
The philosophy behind insulating your walls is that the insolation absorbs the sound from your voice, rather than reflecting it back to the microphone. That way, the voice sounds much clearer. So, what you need for insulation?
You need a surface, which is uneven and has air in it. Wool, egg carton, that bubble paper that you love popping-all works.

You need a surface, which is uneven and soft. The philosophy behind that is the following. Sound waves come from your mouth, through the microphone, hit the wall behind the microphone, go through the back of the microphone again, then hit you, some hit the wall behind you and so on. With each time the wave hits something, some of it disperses and all of that fiasco finishes when the sound wave becomes too small and weak.

Your job when recording is to absorb as much of that sound as possible through the first reflection. It’s kind of like “catching it”. That’s why a great booth eats sound waves, you clap and the sound just goes from the source, right to nothing.

Making the walls uneven, means that there are more angles that the sound wave would hit at once and it would scatter in different directions. Think about it, in terms of cutting the sound wave in 100 different ways, so from one big wave, you create many small ones that can get absorbed and “lost quicker”.
Notice the surface in the booth of any recording studio. It’s soft and uneven. So, if you want to insulate, make your walls uneven.

Just go ahead and Google search “reflection filters” for the best solution-simple, cheap and effective.

3. Microphone
There are two types of microphones-dynamic and condenser. Dynamic microphones are the ones, used for live performances due to their durability. Condenser microphones are the ones you need.

microphone for rapping

They are made for studio recordings, because of their wide frequency response, meaning that they capture the full spectrum of your voice. You have to look around and purchase one on your own.
I would recommend that you trust the well established brands . They have a reputation for good quality and that’s what you need. I’m currently using a Samson for my home recordings. Buying one will cost you around $60 to $200.

4. Microphone Stand
This is the thing, which actually holds your microphone together. The microphone has to be on the level of your mouth, so you need that. Don’t think that you can hold it and rap on it like you’re in Britain Got Talent.
The microphone has to be stationary. A cheap alternative for a mic stand is placing your microphone on a shelf or something on your mouth level. The first time I bought a mic, I put it in a shoe, put the shoe on my desk and started spitting. Buying a mic stand will cost you around $20.

5. Pop Filter
This is the thing which you need for disabling your microphone to capture the high frequencies of the “s” sounds and the hard “p” sounds. You can just put a sock on your microphone. It works. You can tilt the microphone backwards. It works again.

pop filter

Or, you can make a pop filter from your girlfriend’s pantyhose. Type in, how to make a pop filter in youtube and you will find many videos explaining that. Make sure you ask first though.
I made the mistake of just taking them and then I had to spend money for a restaurant and a movie as a form of apology.. Or, you can just buy one. That will cost you something around $25.

Now the last thing you’d need is a computer with an audio editing software installed on it. I have discussed the topic in the first book, so there is no need for me to go over it again. Just remember that you need to know how to put equalization, compression and reverb on your vocals. Adding those effects will make your vocals sound more professional.
Those were the 6 things you need for recording at home. I hope I answered your questions.

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Showing 27 comments
  • thakid
    Reply

    thx for this article , what about making beats ? which websites do u use ?
    Currently using samples packs and drum kits from Lucid Samples

    • Fcoulet
      Reply

      you can use fl studio

  • Daria
    Reply

    Great tips! But one hard point is that choosing a microphone is not as simple as it might seem at first. The unrolled brand,”talking” value – is far from being the primary criteria. To clearly understand what microphone to buy for vocals, you need to “try on” it and make sure that the device advantageously shades the dignity of the voice. Or, at least, does not make obvious little cons. What is your experience? Can anybody help me? I m thinking of buying Audio-Technica AT4040 (https://microphonetopgear.com/microphones-for-hip-hop-vocals/) as it has a lot of positive reviews. What do you think?

  • Zero SiX [SickSiX]
    Reply

    Oh well, Idk but I’d say you should browse your area, the probability that you’ll find one depends on the kind of place you reside. Luckily for me I’ve got a family friend who set up his studio behind my house so he let me use it for free most times after school. Or still there are thousands of producers online selling beats, you can buy one. Hope I helped?

    And yeah, Queen K, you can also peep the activities going on in the community here, feel free to participate!

  • Queen ka$h
    Reply

    How can you get the professional producer?

    • Sensei Doyle
      Reply

      Queen Kash, I personally know a few producers just by coincidence and who I hang around with, but what can help you a lot is social media. I’ve had multiple underground rappers and producers follow me on Twitter (@TheRealXDoyle) after putting “Aspiring hip hop artist” in my bio. Jason Porter being probably the most prolific. So I’d recommend to you searching via social media, making it known that you’re a rapper in need of a producer. Also if you have studios in your area, go around to them, talk to people, more than likely a producer will be there almost every day.

      Also, stick around this site, read everything, participate in challenges, it’s a great community and you can learn a lot. Who knows, maybe a producer will find you through the site. I’m sure that one day it’ll be huge and talent scouts or producers will be searching here

      • James connell
        Reply

        I don’t have Twitter can u give me the producers snapchat or Facebook?

  • Nickz
    Reply

    Can you please suggest me the recording/editing softwares names which are best .

    • TAG Jones
      Reply

      how to get in touch with good Producers with Intelligence And Understand rap

      • jake
        Reply

        Pro tools or fl studios are popular

    • Dre
      Reply

      I wouldn’t say that there is a “best” out there.. rather the “best” software would be one that is easy to understand and you’re comfortable working with.

      Best of luck!

    • Blaine Stephens
      Reply

      ProTools 12(PC or Mac), Logic Pro X(Mac) 200$. These are the best ones, but it is whatever you can work with the best in your workplace.

  • Nickz
    Reply

    Can you please suggest me the recording/editing softwares names which are best

  • sina
    Reply

    I have two questions, btw thank you for this article it helped me a lot.

    1. If i want to place the studio in my own room (bedroom), is it okay to have the PC and the microphone in the same room?

    2. If i have a little window in my room, is it possible to isolate the window or anything? What do you suggest i do? Is it even a good idea to record in my room?

  • Anonymous
    Reply

    Iam in zero level.where can i start learning it rappingmanual

  • Kevin Legend
    Reply

    @RM and anyone else

    I just placed my order for a Blue Bluebird mic and also a Focusrite Scarlett 2i2.

    What audio editing or daw so you recommend for a PC. In regards to software, let’s just say money wouldn’t be an issue for that.

  • john
    Reply

    how can i rap at home

    • Tara LaForest
      Reply

      It is easy I do it any were I’m at school and I do it I do it at home my parents don’t like it becues they are rastist but that is not the point you can rap a home just find a place in your home or out side . Man ,I would be making a cd but don’t have any money. So best of Luck to you MAN!!!!!🎶💕🎤🎧🎵🎶🎼🎵🎵🎵🎵🎧🎧🎧🎵🎧

  • k.ray
    Reply

    how do i isolate the room? do i just put it against the wall or is there more procedures i have to go through to keep them to stick on the wall?

    • RappingManual
      Reply

      Well, the more professional you do it, the higher level of sound isolation you’ll get. You can put it against the wall and that would do wonders for the sound reflections.

      This article is a general summary, intended to give you ideas and get you started. If you want to go more deeply into a specific subject, ask uncle Google.

  • Anonymous
    Reply

    Sallu Fam, dis really helping,I mean it….!

  • El Cuervo
    Reply

    so if I want to isolate a small closet, I have to isolate every side of it? the 4 walls, and door?

    • RappingManual
      Reply

      Hey whats up El Cuervo!
      Well yeah, that would be the best solution. If you can’t do the whole closet, just try isolating the walls closest to the mic. This is where the sound reflections are the strongest. 😉

      • john
        Reply

        i dont to rap

      • Blaine Stephens
        Reply

        It’s actually better to just record in your room than your closet. Acoustic foam barely does anything to problem frequencies. It’s not just isolation that is important. The general acoustics are most important. Erasing the frequencies that are causing a mess in your recordings. Bass Traps, strategic placement of acoustic foam, and baffles is key to bringing out the great frequencies in the place of your recording. Measuring and placing tools in the right places. That also helps with mixing as well.

        Check out gearslutz.com for great advice and such.

        Best,
        Blaine

    • Anonymous
      Reply

      Iam in zero.where can i start learning it rappingmanual

    • Anonymous
      Reply

      Iam in zero level.where can i start learning it rappingmanual

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